BRIJUNI (Veli Brijun, Mali Brijun, 11 small islands and a considrable number of rocks and reefs), islands separated from the ainland by the Fazanski kanal.
Approach: There is a castle on the top of Veli Brijun, a shore ight on Pinida point (white isophase light); black and yellow ower with black post and gallery and 2 black cones, points upwards (white light) on the Kabula rock (see Fazanski kanal).
The islands have been inhabited since prehistoric times and speciaally in Roman times (from 2 C B.C.). There are the remains f a number of settlements and castles in the cove of Veriga, the remains of a Temple of Venus and of a 6 C basilica. From the Midle Age there is a Byzantine camp-site, the three-nave basilica f a Benedictine monastery. Venetians made extensive use of the tone quarries on the islet of Jerolim and built fortifications on several places. During malaria epidemics in the 17 C the islands were almost deserted but at the end of the 19 C antialarial precautions began to be taken (Robert Koch), hotels were uilt and planting began of Mediterranean and exotic vegetation. iped water was brought from the mainland and Brijuni became an international leisure centre. The mild climate fosters the growth of Mediterranean plants in natural parks. On Veli Brijun there is zoo with many kinds of animals. In 1984 the Brijuni were declared a national park and the islet of Vanga a memorial centre.