Sport fishing for leisure includes the catching of fish, crustaceans (crabs, lobsters etc.), cephalopoda (squid etc.), and shellfish.
Equipment for this purpose is deemed to be: a fishing-line, fishing-hook, rod and line, drag-line or long-line with up to 200 hooks, underwater gun without explosives, harpoon or fish-spear (for use with fishing-boats with lights of up to 400 candelas or without lights). If amateur fishing is organized by a fishingclub then larger fishing-boats (leisure boats) can be used. For fishing with rod and line from shore no permit is necessary and no dues payable. For all other kinds of sport fishing permits are necessary and charges payable according to a scale determined by the local commune authorities.
Citizens of the Republic of Croatia and foreign citizens with a permanent residence permit in the Republic of Croatia who are members of Croat fishing clubs (associated in the Association of Underwater Activities and Marine Sport Fishing) and who can produce their membership book can without charge or other permit fish in all permitted fishing-areas and with all kinds of fishing-tackle except underwater guns. For underwater fishing with guns a special permit is necessary and special charge payable, and such fishing-zones are determined by the local commune authorities. Foreign citizens who have not got a permanent resident permit in the Republic of Croatia need special fishing permits and must pay the relevant charges.
Amateur fishing is restricted by certain regulations. There must be no disturbance of commercial fishing; persons under 16 must not go fishing underwater with guns; aqualungs and other forms of underwater breathing equipment must not be used; underwater guns must not be used between sunset and sunrise. Underwater fishing is totally prohibited between November 1 and March 31 (except in the case of international competitions); a maximum of 5 kg of fish and other sea animals may be caught in any one day except during international competitions; the following are not counted in the permitted 5 kg: sharks, rays and individual fish of rare size such as sea-bass, dentex, sea-bream etc. Fish caught for sport may not be sold or exchanged for other items.
In fishing reserves no fishing or hunting of any kind of seaanimal is permitted. Such reserves are the estuaries of the rivers: Dragonja, Mirna, Raša, Zrmanja, Krka, Jadro, @rnovica (near Stobrec), Cetina, Neretva and Rijeka Dubrovacka, the channel Fažanski kanal, the bays and coves Limski zaljev, Medulinski zaljev, Soline (Krk island), Bistrina (near Mali Ston) and the lake Mljetska jezera.
The following are authorized to oversee the observance of fishing regulations: fishing inspectors of local municipalities, interior security agencies, harbour master's office authorities, State Inspectorate of Fishing, responsible units of the Croatian Navy and the maritime customs authorities.
Persons breaking the fishing laws can be fined, their fishingtackle and equipment may be confiscated and so may the catch or any profit made from fishing. In order to prevent overfishing of white fish both commercial and amateur fishing may be banned for limited periods, in limited areas or for certain kinds of fishing equipment. Persons applying for a fishing permit, especially for underwater fishing-guns, should get all relevant information from the municipal authorities in the area in which they intend to fish, especially information concerning any restrictions in force.